Mehndi patterns determine the differences between different types of mehndi. Though the ritual of putting mehndi on palms and feet originated in Middle East countries, it has travelled far and now it has become an inseparable part of many castes and religion. Generally mehndi is put on a pre wedding ceremony. But, here too there is no strict boundary. It has become synonymous with celebration and enjoyment.
When you browse through the mehndi designing books in search of a perfect mehndi style, you will come across a plenty of designs, enough to astound you. But if you take a closer look, you will find that there are three basic patterns, based on which the styles and designs are mainly developed.
Here is a good video with a lots of mehndi designs and patters:
Indian mehndi pattern
Indian Mehndi pattern believes in simplicity. Based on floral motifs this pattern will always have a base on the middle of the palm. The rest of the design is developed from that base. The finger tops remain free from any designs. Mehndi is painted on these portions. If you come across mehndi patterns with frequent use of floral patterns and motifs, take it as Indian mehndi patterns or any derivatives of that pattern. Mehndi patterns are generally design outlines. Based on these patterns, various designs are developed. Though the pattern remains the same, the mehndi designs are varied and different from each other.
Arabic mehndi pattern
This mehndi pattern is very much in line with Indian mehndi pattern. Both of these mehndi patterns share similarities in being floral. But an ace mehndi artist will of course understand the basic difference. Even, you can understand it if you take a closer look at these patterns. Arabic pattern also uses extensive use of floral motifs. Apart from flower, there are leaves and vines too. Mehndi patterns practiced in Arab countries are more complicated than their Indian counterparts. Arabic patterns are tougher for the beginners as some of the designs are complicated.
African mehndi pattern
This mehndi pattern cannot be spotted much. This is the most complicated among all mehndi patterns as there are geometrical angular figures. Designs based on this mehndi patterns tend to be intricate.
Wearing mehndi on both the hands and the feet is not a new trend. If you look back in history, you will find a rich tradition of mehndi art practiced by the ancient civilizations too. Henna is used as the element of the mehndi. It has some other benefits too for which applying mehndi has not been criticized in the history, not even once. Rather mehndi has been considered as a precious art and that is why there is a great deal of research on mehndi patterns. Apart from these three mehndi patterns there are some more, which are in some ways or the other derived from these three.
Mehndi patterns having symbolic meaning are also plenty. Scorpion patterns are considered as expressions of love, as love is compared to the sting of scorpions. Paisleys and peacock mehndi patterns are considered as symbols of peace and good luck.